1. Insulate all water pipes from cold moving air and keep them dry. Locate the main water shut off in case you need it. Leaks often happen if the pipe is thawed out.

2. Use either heater tapes wrapped around the pipes or a heated reflector lamp in a dry enclosed space. Check the light to see that it is working on cold nights. The heater tapes work by a built in thermostat. The tape must be wrapped between the pipe and the insulation to work.

3. Remember to insulate and heat the drain lines in crawl spaces and cold basements. Again, a heat lamp focused on the drain p-trap will keep it from freezing if it is also protected from moving cold air by making a boxed enclosure.

4. Always unhook your water hose from your outdoor spigot in the winter, or before the weather in your area starts to get below freezing. The water inside the hose can freeze, and the freezing continues back into the spigot until it reaches your piping (which may burst).

5. Use a temperature controlled thermal convection powered hot water recirculation valve (which does not require electricity to operate) to intermittently circulate tepid-warm water throughout your hot and cold waterlines anytime the sensor detects a temperature below the user chosen temperature. Unlike heat tape, which only heats the pipes, this process circulates water to prevent freezing (no matter where the pipes are hidden). As an additional benefit this method also provided faster hat water to all your faucets.

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